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Principles for a
Biblical Government & Politics

F. Earle Fox
See The Theology of Civil Government -- Why Government Requires God

also the Marketing of Evil #1 & #2
& -
Biblical Government articles in Constitution Library
An Election-Day Sermon 

Since the early 1990's, I have had a passion for developing a Biblical understanding of politics and government.  This project should have been carried out by the successors to our American founding fathers.  But, so far as I know, only one of them, Alexander Hamilton, had any plans for doing so.  He wanted to found a Biblical Constitution society.  But, he was apparently "conservative" partly in a destructive manner, siding with the "Money Masters" of the time, the money changers who had learned how to control the economy of a nation, by which they could also control the government, leading to a private central bank and to our Federal Reserve.  (See the DVD, "The Money Masters" available for purchase at www.themoneymasters.com, or viewable online at

And, Hamilton also had the misfortune of getting himself killed in a duel. 

We need to show how our democratic republic logically must be "under God", and how the principles of political freedom reside only there under God.  Western Civilization was built on (1) the rise of science, (2) on the development of due process in civil law (equality before the law, freedom of conscience, value of the individual, etc.), and (3) on the development of freemarket capitalism (NOT the same as our typical monopoly capitalism which parades as freemarket).  But all of these are under severe attack because Christians have alienated themselves from them and can no longer defend them.  That must change.  When it does, Christian civilization will begin to be restored, and not until. 

First, a few definitions: 

        Government is the exercise of direction and control; 

        Direction is the deciding of what laws will be enforced; 

         Control is the enforcement of those laws; 

        Politics is the art of governing well. 

As George Washington noted, "Government is not reason, it is not eloquence. It is force, and like fire it is a dangerous tool and a fearful master." 

Biblical government is the submission of all human government to the law and grace of God -- which alone supply us with a moral foundation by which we can be governed.  God, being the creator of all things thereby becomes sovereign over all things. 

That means that there is in the universe only one law, that of God.  And that implies that any government not under the law of God is an outlaw government.  Without God, there is no law -- under which the use of coercion could be brought.  In that case, the rule of government is simply by power struggle.  There is no such thing as an inalienable right, only those "rights" granted by the government, which can readily be taken away at the pleasure of the governors.  We then  become slaves on a government plantation. 

Our practical choice comes down to: Jesus is Lord, or civil government is lord.  Jesus sets us free, not only individually but corporately as well.  The fallen world, the world out of touch with God, has no capacity to sustain honest freedom. 

The following is the beginning of that comprehensive task of specifying what a Biblical government is, and why it is the only form of government which can sustain a genuinely free people.  It relies entirely on the foundation of a Biblical worldview and the Godly foundation for moral law, the cases for which must stand on their own feet.   See also the section in the Constitution Library on Biblical Government.

At the core of such principles is the pursuit, at any cost to ourselves, of truth, not of our party winning.  The basic principles are as follows, and will no doubt be reformulated as new ideas occur: 

  1. Under the covenant relation formed between the people and their government, all legislative, executive, and judicial decisions must be submitted to honest public dialogue aimed at the truth of the matter and under the Lord of all truth.  In America (yes, still), the covenant relation is defined by the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution in the context of probably hundreds of other "organic utterances" relevant to the making of law. 

  2. The voting citizens as a body, not the elected officials, are the supreme officers of the State and the ultimate human arbiter of what is the legislative will of God. 

  3. The government is, above all else, the neutral referee for society. 
          It thus does not participate in the affairs of society any more than a sports referee participates in the game.  Government is thus forbidden from creating conflict of interest: it is not a supplier of goods, does not engage in commercial partnerships or provide services to the people (such as welfare or education) other than those specific services determined by the Constitution, chiefly legislating and enforcement, protection from foreign invasion and internal violence, and maintenance of public space (roads, parks, etc.). 

  4. The religious community is the conscience of society. 
         With a freemarket system it educates the people on their relationship to God, holding no power of coercion.  It thus supplies the moral backbone of the nation, and thus creates the essential moral and spiritual consensus by which the people can keep civil government under their control. 

  5. The separation of powers requires that those who hold the gun of enforcement (executive branch) may not make the decisions about how that power is to be used.  And those who make the decisions on how coercion is to be used (legislators) or the decisions against whom it shall be used (judiciary) may not wield enforcement power. 

  6. Because government is about coercion, because the voting public are the supreme officers of the State and the final arbiter on what the will of God might be, power must be dispersed among the voting citizens, as the American Constitution indicates in the 2nd Amendment, the chief responsibility of voting citizens being to ensure the truth-seeking character of all debate on public policy issues.  Deliberate subversion of truth is grounds for expulsion from voting and office-holding.   

  7. All voting citizens must take an oath of allegiance to the covenant relation, supporting a republican form of government, freedom of conscience, and the truth-seeking nature of public policy debate, as defined and originally intended in the present First Amendment. 

  8. The force of law extends, as Thomas Jefferson noted, only to actions, behavior, not to opinions or attitudes

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